Introduction. Local anaesthetic toxidromes and complications. Topical anaesthesia. Local anaesthesia. Basic dental and oral local anaesthesia. Haematoma block. Intra-articular local anaesthesia. Intrapleural block. Intravenous regional anaesthesia. Nerve block regional anaesthesia. Procedural sedation and analgesia.
By Mike Wells, MBBCh, MScMed (Emergency Medicine) Dip, PEC(SA), FCEM(SA), Specialist Emergency Physician, Lecturer and Consultant, Division of Emergency Medicine, University of Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa; Netcare Union Hospital Emergency Department, Johannesburg, South Africa